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J Infect Dis. 2007 Jan 1;195(1):149-57. Epub 2006 Nov 20.

Human domain antibodies against virulence traits of Candida albicans inhibit fungus adherence to vaginal epithelium and protect against experimental vaginal candidiasis.

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Department of Infectious, Parasitic and Immune-Mediated Diseases, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Viale Regina Elena, 00161 Rome, Italy.


Antibody variable domains (domain antibodies [DAbs]) are genetically engineered antibody fragments that include individual heavy-chain (VH) or kappa-chain (Vkappa) variable domains and lack the Fc region. Human DAbs against the 65-kDa mannoprotein (MP65) or the secretory aspartyl proteinase (SAP)-2 of Candida albicans (monospecific DAbs) or against both fungal antigens (heterodimeric, bispecific DAbs) were generated from phage expression libraries. Both monospecific and bispecific DAbs inhibited fungus adherence to the epithelial cells of rat vagina and accelerated the clearance of vaginal infection with the fungus. When heterodimeric DAbs were used, the clearance of infection was at least equivalent to treatment with fluconazole. The in vivo protective effects of DAbs were demonstrated by both pre- and postchallenge schedules of DAb administration and with both fluconazole-susceptible and fluconazole-resistant strains of C. albicans. This is the first demonstration that human DAbs lacking the Fc constituent can efficiently control an infection and can act largely by inhibiting adherence.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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