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J Infect Dis. 2007 Jan 1;195(1):99-107. Epub 2006 Nov 21.

A critical role for neutrophils in resistance to experimental infection with Burkholderia pseudomallei.

Author information

1
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, WC1E 7HT, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Inhalation is an important route of infection with Burkholderia pseudomallei, the causative agent of melioidosis. In resistant C57BL/6 mice, activated neutrophils are rapidly recruited to the lungs after intranasal B. pseudomallei infection. Prevention of this response by use of the anti-Gr-1+ cell-depleting monoclonal antibody RB6-8C5 severely exacerbated disease, resulting in an acute lethal infection associated with a 1000-fold increase in lung bacterial loads within 4 days. C57BL/6 interferon (IFN)-gamma(-/-) mice were also acutely susceptible to pulmonary B. pseudomallei infection, dying within 3 days of challenge; this suggests that IFN-gamma is essential for control in the lungs and precedes the protective role of neutrophils in resistance. In neutrophil-depleted mice, lung concentrations of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, IFN-gamma, and interleukin-6 were decreased by up to 98%. Natural killer cells were the principle source of IFN-gamma, and monocytes were the principle source of TNF-alpha, suggesting that neutrophils play an important indirect role in the generation of the early cytokine environment in the lungs.

PMID:
17152013
DOI:
10.1086/509810
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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