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J Infect Dis. 2007 Jan 1;195(1):99-107. Epub 2006 Nov 21.

A critical role for neutrophils in resistance to experimental infection with Burkholderia pseudomallei.

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London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, WC1E 7HT, United Kingdom.


Inhalation is an important route of infection with Burkholderia pseudomallei, the causative agent of melioidosis. In resistant C57BL/6 mice, activated neutrophils are rapidly recruited to the lungs after intranasal B. pseudomallei infection. Prevention of this response by use of the anti-Gr-1+ cell-depleting monoclonal antibody RB6-8C5 severely exacerbated disease, resulting in an acute lethal infection associated with a 1000-fold increase in lung bacterial loads within 4 days. C57BL/6 interferon (IFN)-gamma(-/-) mice were also acutely susceptible to pulmonary B. pseudomallei infection, dying within 3 days of challenge; this suggests that IFN-gamma is essential for control in the lungs and precedes the protective role of neutrophils in resistance. In neutrophil-depleted mice, lung concentrations of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, IFN-gamma, and interleukin-6 were decreased by up to 98%. Natural killer cells were the principle source of IFN-gamma, and monocytes were the principle source of TNF-alpha, suggesting that neutrophils play an important indirect role in the generation of the early cytokine environment in the lungs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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