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Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2006 Nov;1084:166-77.

Differences in expression of cardiovascular risk factors among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients of different age.

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Laboratory of Biological Chemistry, University of Athens Medical School, M. Asias 75, Goudi 11527, Athens, Greece.


Atherosclerotic coronary heart disease and other forms of cardiovascular disease (CVD) are the major cause of mortality in type II diabetes (T2DM) as well as a major contributor to morbidity and lifetime costs. The purpose of this article is the identification of the biochemical parameters in plasma, which may serve as predisposition factors to CVD in T2DM patients of different ages. The variability of hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, and inflammation with age progression was also studied for comparison. Four different diabetic groups allocated on the basis of the subjects' age (Group A: 15-25 years old; Group B: 26-40 years old; Group C: 40-60 years old; Group D: 60-80 years old) and consisting of 10 patients each, in parallel with 10 healthy controls matched for age, sex, and ethnic origin were screened for glucose, insulin, lipid profile (total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL, and HDL), and inflammatory mediators (CRP, IL-6, and TNF-alpha). Significant differences were observed among the expressions of biochemical markers among different age groups. Hyperglycemia showed no variability with age whereas dyslipidemia correlated positively with age progression, as well as obesity, low physical activity, and family history of heart disease or diabetes. Marked inflammation was prominent only in Groups C and D. This article indicates that different biochemical parameters may be used for the assessment of CVD risk in T2DM patients of variable age.

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