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J Med Chem. 2006 Dec 14;49(25):7290-306.

Synthesis and pharmacological evaluation of novel octahydro-1H-pyrido[1,2-a]pyrazine as mu-opioid receptor antagonists.

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Department of Chemistry, Adolor Corporation, 700 Pennsylvania Drive, Exton, Pennsylvania 19341, USA.


To better understand structural requirements for a mu ligand of the trans-3,4-dimethyl-4-(3-hydroxyphenyl)piperidine class to interact with the mu opioid receptor, we have described in the previous article (Le Bourdonnec, B. et al. J. Med. Chem. 2006, 25, 7278-7289) new, constrained analogues of the N-phenethyl derivative 3. One of the active constrained analogues, compound 4, exhibited subnanomolar mu-opioid receptor affinity (K(i) = 0.62 nM) and potent mu-opioid antagonist activity (IC(50) = 0.54 nM). On the basis of structure 4, a new series of mu-opioid receptor antagonists were designed. In these compounds the octahydroquinolizine template of 4 was replaced by an octahydro-1H-pyrido[1,2-a]pyrazine scaffold. The new derivatives were tested for their binding affinities and in vitro functional activity against the cloned human mu-, delta-, and kappa-opioid receptors. From this study, we identified compound 36, which displays high affinity toward the mu-opioid receptor (K(i) = 0.47 nM), potent mu in vitro antagonist activity (IC(50) = 1.8 nM) and improved binding selectivity profile mu/kappa and mu/delta, when compared to 4.

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