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Am J Pathol. 2006 Dec;169(6):2066-74.

Oval cell response in 2-acetylaminofluorene/partial hepatectomy rat is attenuated by short interfering RNA targeted to stromal cell-derived factor-1.

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Department of Pathology, Immunology and Laboratory Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Florida, P.O. Box 100275, Gainesville, FL 32610-0275, USA.


Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) is known to play an essential role in the regulation of stem/progenitor cell trafficking. During hepatic stem, or oval, cell activation, SDF-1 has been reported to be up-regulated within the liver, implying a possible role in oval cell-aided liver regeneration. In the present study, SDF-1 expression was knocked down in the liver of 2-acetylaminofluorene/partial hepatectomy-treated rats using short interfering RNA delivered by recombinant adenovirus. The oval cell response was compromised in these animals, as evidenced by a decreased number of OV6-positive oval cells. In addition, knockdown of SDF-1 expression caused a dramatic decrease in alpha-fetoprotein expression, implying impaired oval cell activation in these animals. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end-labeling assay showed no significant apoptosis related to SDF-1 suppression. Instead, as revealed by Ki67 immunohistochemistry, the suppression of SDF-1 resulted in decrease of hepatic cell proliferation, implying the repair process had been inhibited in these animals. These results indicate that SDF-1 is an essential molecule needed in oval cell activation.

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