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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006 Dec 12;103(50):19069-74. Epub 2006 Dec 5.

Crosstalk between peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta and VEGF stimulates cancer progression.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center and Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, 2220 Pierce Avenue, Nashville, TN 37232-2279, USA.


Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) delta is a member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily. PPARdelta may ameliorate metabolic diseases such as obesity and diabetes. However, PPARdelta's role in colorectal carcinogenesis remains controversial. Here, we present genetic and pharmacologic evidence demonstrating that deletion of PPARdelta decreases intestinal adenoma growth in Apc(Min/+) mice and inhibits tumor-promoting effects of a PPARdelta agonist GW501516. More importantly, we found that activation of PPARdelta up-regulated VEGF in colon carcinoma cells. VEGF directly promotes colon tumor epithelial cell survival through activation of PI3K-Akt signaling. These results not only highlight concerns about the use of PPARdelta agonists for treatment of metabolic disorders in patients who are at high risk for colorectal cancer, but also support the rationale for developing PPARdelta antagonists for prevention and/or treatment of cancer.

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