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Ultrasound Q. 2006 Dec;22(4):273-80.

Endometriosis: sonographic spectrum.

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Department of Imaging Sciences, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York 14642, USA.


Endometriosis is the presence of functional endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity and the myometrium. It is an important cause of infertility and pelvic pain in women older than 25 years. Endometriomas are relatively common and can mimic other adnexal masses, and ultrasonography is often the first choice of imaging. This pictorial essay presents the sonographic appearance of endometriomas and similar-appearing adnexal masses and their characteristics, which may aid in their differentiation on routine ultrasonographic examination.

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