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Environ Sci Technol. 2006 Nov 1;40(21):6703-8.

Passive partitioning of polychlorinated biphenyls between seawater and zooplankton, a study comparing observed field distributions to equilibrium sorption experiments.

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1
Department of Applied Environmental Science (ITM), Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden. anna.sobek@art.admin.ch

Abstract

From previous studies, it remains unclear whether polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are biomagnified in zooplankton or if concentrations are simply governed by passive partitioning. In this study, in the Gullmar Fjord on the Swedish west coast, field-determined lipid-normalized partition coefficients (log Klip) were compared to equilibrium partition coefficients from laboratory sorption experiments with dead and preserved zooplankton. There was no significant difference between the linear regressions of log Klip-log Kow (analysis of covariance [ANCOVA], p < 0.05) for field and laboratory-determined partition coefficients, supporting passive partitioning being the dominant uptake pathway for PCBs in the Gullmar Fjord zooplankton. The field-observed partition coefficients were also suggestive of passive partitioning, as all field-log Klip-log Kow regressions were significant (p < 0.05, r2 = 0.74-0.95) and apparently linear. Further, there was generally no positive correlation between apparent biomagnification factors (BMF; concentration in zooplankton [pg/kgoc]/concentration in phytoplankton [pg/kgoc]) and trophic level (on the basis of delta15N). The in-situ organic carbon (-oc)-normalized concentrations in zooplankton (>200 microm) were not statistically different from oc-normalized concentrations in phytoplankton (0.7-50 microm), which supports the absence of significant biomagnification.

PMID:
17144299
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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