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J Law Med Ethics. 2006 Fall;34(3):570-80, 481.

Medical ethics at Guantanamo Bay and Abu Ghraib: the problem of dual loyalty.

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Institute of Catholic Bioethics at Saint Joseph's University, Philadelphia, USA.


Although knowledge of torture and physical and psychological abuse was widespread at both the Guantanamo Bay detention facility and Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq, and known to medical personnel, there was no official report before the January 2004 Army investigation of military health personnel reporting abuse, degradation or signs of torture. Military medical personnel are placed in a position of a "dual loyalty" conflict. They have to balance the medical needs of their patients, who happen to be detainees, with their military duty to their employer. The United States military medical system failed to protect detainee's human rights, violated the basic principles of medical ethics and ignored the basic tenets of medical professionalism.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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