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Int J Mol Med. 2007 Jan;19(1):81-7.

Identification of novel mutations of the HADHA and HADHB genes in patients with mitochondrial trifunctional protein deficiency.

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Department of Pediatrics, Chungnam National University Hospital, College of Medicine, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 301-721, Korea.


Patients with long-chain 3-hydroxyacyl coenzyme A dehydrogenase (LCHAD) deficiency manifest hypoketotic hypoglycemia, hepatomegaly, hypotonia, lactic acidemia, acute renal failure, cardiomyopathy, and sudden death. We describe four novel mutations of the alpha- and beta-subunits of the mitochondrial trifunctional protein in four patients from three unrelated families. Their plasma acylcarnitine profiles suggested the presence of LCHAD deficiency by demonstrating highly elevated 3-hydroxyacyl carnitines by tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). Patients 1 and 2 had siblings who had died of lactic acidemia during the neonatal period. These patients also manifested lactic acidemia and died in the neonatal period. Patient 3 had a family history of Reye-like syndrome. She exhibited acute renal failure, rhabdomyolysis, pericardial effusion, and myopathy at the age of 12 years. DNA analysis of patients 1 and 2 revealed homozygosity for a c.1689+2T>G mutation of the HADHA gene, resulting in the skipping of exon 16 with an in-frame 69-bp deletion. Patient 3 was a compound heterozygosity of the HADHB gene, N307D/N389D. Patient 4, a 25-month-old baby, manifested recurrent episodes of lethargy, metabolic acidosis, elevated liver enzymes, and dark urine from the age of 10 months. Mutation analysis of the HADHB gene of patient 4 identified compound heterozygosity of N114D/N307D.

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