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J Immunol. 2006 Dec 15;177(12):8393-9.

Heat shock up-regulates lmp2 and lmp7 and enhances presentation of immunoproteasome-dependent epitopes.

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Center for Immunotherapy of Cancer and Infectious Diseases, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, CT 06030, USA.


The heat shock response is a canonical regulatory pathway by which cellular stressors such as heat and oxidative stress alter the expression of stress-responsive genes. Some of these stress-responsive genes (heat shock proteins and MHC class I (MHC I)-related chains) play a significant role in the immune system. In this study, we have investigated the impact of stimulating the heat shock response on genes involved in the MHC I presentation pathway. We report that two inducible subunits of the proteasome, lmp2 and lmp7, are transcriptionally up-regulated by heat shock in cells of mouse and human origin. Furthermore, heat-shocked cells show enhanced presentation of the immunoproteasome-dependent MHC I antigenic epitopes NP(118-126) of lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus and E1B(192-200) of adenovirus, but not immunoproteasome-independent epitopes such as tumor Ag AH1 and SV40 large T Ag epitope II(223-231). These findings show a novel immunological sequel to the cellular response to stress that may play a key role during fever or other homeostatic perturbations.

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