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J Nutr Educ Behav. 2006 Nov-Dec;38(6):378-82.

Development of a tool to assess past food insecurity of immigrant latino mothers.

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1
Department of Nutrition, University of California at Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose is to describe the development and validation of a tool to measure the degree of past food insecurity in an immigrant US population.

DESIGN:

Focus group discussions and a structured interview. As a first step, focus group discussions were conducted among immigrant Latino mothers. Based on these discussions, an 8-item tool was developed and pilot-tested in a convenience sample of mothers.

SETTING:

California.

PARTICIPANTS:

Twenty-two low-income Latino mothers with children, ages 4 to 5 years, in the focus groups and 85 low-income Latino and white mothers of young children in the structured interviews.

ANALYSES:

Constant comparative analysis, Cronbach alpha, Spearman correlations, Chi-square, and Kruskal-Wallis test.

RESULTS:

Internal consistency of the remaining 7 items was good (Cronbach alpha = 0.84). Evidence of convergent validity included significant correlations between past food insecurity and maternal education (r = -0.45, p < .0001), crowding in the mother's childhood household (r = +0.30, p < .006), and past food insufficiency (r = +0.74, p < .0001). Foreign-born Latino mothers reported significantly greater levels of past food insecurity than US-born mothers, demonstrating discriminant validity (p < .01).

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:

This tool may be useful to determine how past deprivation influences current food choices and other nutrition-related behaviors in low-income Latino immigrants.

PMID:
17142195
DOI:
10.1016/j.jneb.2006.05.019
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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