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J Microbiol Methods. 2007 Mar;68(3):468-77. Epub 2006 Dec 4.

Rapid identification, virulence analysis and resistance profiling of Staphylococcus aureus by gene segment-based DNA microarrays: application to blood culture post-processing.

Author information

1
Institute for Medical Microbiology, Immunology and Hygiene, Medical Center, University of Cologne, Goldenfelsstr. 19-21, 50935 Köln, Germany.

Abstract

Up to now, blood culturing systems are the method of choice to diagnose bacteremia. However, definitive pathogen identification from positive blood cultures is a time-consuming procedure, requiring subculture and biochemical analysis. We developed a microarray for the identification of Staphylococcus aureus comprising PCR generated gene-segments, which can reduce the blood culture post-processing time to a single day. Moreover, it allows concomitant identification of virulence factors and antibiotic resistance determinants directly from positive blood cultures without previous amplification by PCR. The assay unambiguously identifies most of the important virulence genes such as tsst-1, sea, seb, eta and antibiotic resistance genes such as mecA, aacA-aphD, blaZ and ermA. To obtain positive signals, 20 ng of purified genomic S. aureus DNA or 2 microg of total DNA extracted from blood culture was required. The microarray specifically distinguished S. aureus from gram-negative bacteria as well as from closely related coagulase negative staphylococci (CoNS). The microarray-based identification of S. aureus can be accomplished on the same day blood cultures become positive in the Bactec. The results of our study demonstrate the feasibility of microarray-based systems for the direct identification and characterization of bacteria from cultured clinical specimens.

PMID:
17141897
DOI:
10.1016/j.mimet.2006.10.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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