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FEBS Lett. 2006 Dec 22;580(30):6837-45. Epub 2006 Nov 27.

Plasma fatty acid metabolic profiling and biomarkers of type 2 diabetes mellitus based on GC/MS and PLS-LDA.

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Research Center of Modernization of Chinese Medicines, Central South University, Changsha 410083, PR China.


Metabolic profiling has increasingly been used as a probe in disease diagnosis and pharmacological analysis. Herein, plasma fatty acid metabolic profiling including non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) and esterified fatty acid (EFA) was investigated using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) followed by multivariate statistical analysis. Partial least squares-linear discrimination analysis (PLS-LDA) model was established and validated to pattern discrimination between type 2 diabetic mellitus (DM-2) patients and health controls, and to extract novel biomarker information. Furthermore, the PLS-LDA model visually represented the alterations of NEFA metabolic profiles of diabetic patients with abdominal obesity in the treated process with rosiglitazone. The GC/MS-PLS-LDA analysis allowed comprehensive detection of plasma fatty acid, enabling fatty acid metabolic characterization of DM-2 patients, which included biomarkers different from health controls and dynamic change of NEFA profiles of patients after treated with medicine. This method might be a complement or an alternative to pathogenesis and pharmacodynamics research.

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