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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2007 Jan 19;352(3):805-11. Epub 2006 Nov 27.

Isomer specific effects of Conjugated Linoleic Acid on macrophage ABCG1 transcription by a SREBP-1c dependent mechanism.

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Institute of Clinical Chemistry, University of Regensburg, Germany.


Conjugated Linoleic Acids (CLAs) are minor components of the diet with many reported biological activities. Our aim was to examine the function of the single trans-9,trans-11 (t9,t11), cis-9,trans-11 (c9,t11), and trans-10,cis-12 (t10,c12) isomers on gene expression in human macrophages. Therefore we incubated in vitro MCSF differentiated monocyte derived macrophages from three healthy donors and THP-1 macrophages with these CLA-isomers and analyzed whole genome transcripts with Affymetrix U133 Plus 2.0 DNA-microarrays and real-time RT-PCR. We found that t9,t11-CLA, but not c9,t11- and t10,c12-CLA activates target genes of SREBP, SREBP-1, and ABCG1. Gene reporter assays with deletion constructs of the ABCG1 regulatory region and cotransfections with SREBP-1a and SREBP-1c expression plasmids in RAW 264.7 macrophages showed that t9,t11-CLA activates ABCG1 via SREBP-1c. These results indicate that positional and geometrical isomers of CLAs have specific effects on gene expression of human macrophages and that t9,t11-CLA activates ABCG1 by a SREBP-1c-dependent mechanism.

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