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Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2006 Nov;85(3):562-8. Epub 2006 Nov 30.

Brain ethanol levels in rats after voluntary ethanol consumption using a sweetened gelatin vehicle.

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1
Department of Pharmacodynamics, University of Florida, Gainesville FL 32610 USA. peris@cop.ufl.edu

Abstract

A novel procedure for initiation of voluntary ethanol consumption in the rat was evaluated in terms of ease of initiation, consistency, and resulting brain ethanol levels. The "jello shot" consists of 10% ethanol in gelatin along with a caloric source (Polycose). Initiation of "jello shot" consumption in Sprague-Dawley rats required no food or water restriction and resulted in initial daily (8.4+/-0.6 g/kg body weight) and eventual hourly (1.1+/-0.1 g/kg body weight) intake of ethanol comparable to other procedures using either alcohol-preferring or non-genetically selected rats. Rat intake of ethanol via "jello shots" recovered quickly from environmental alterations and surgical implantation of a guide cannula. During 1-h free access sessions, consumption of the "jello shot" occurred during the initial 10 min and resulted in a dose-related increase in ethanol levels in nucleus accumbens measured using microdialysis. These brain ethanol levels were comparable to those achieved using other self-administration methods. However, when 0.5 g/kg ethanol was gavaged either in "jello shot" or saline, there was about a 20% decrease in brain ethanol concentrations after gavage of the "jello shot" compared to saline. Even so, lack of a need for initial food or water deprivation and the rapidity with which stable self-administration can be achieved both suggest utility of the "jello shot" as a completely voluntary ethanol procedure.

PMID:
17140644
PMCID:
PMC1868439
DOI:
10.1016/j.pbb.2006.10.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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