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Am J Public Health. 2007 Nov;97(11):2001-9. Epub 2006 Nov 30.

Transnational tobacco company influence on tax policy during privatization of a state monopoly: British American Tobacco and Uzbekistan.

Author information

1
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The International Monetary Fund encourages privatization of state-owned tobacco industries. Privatization tends to lower cigarette prices, which encourages consumption. This could be countered with effective tax policies. We explored how investment by British American Tobacco (BAT) influenced tax policy in Uzbekistan during privatization there.

METHODS:

We obtained internal documents from BAT and analyzed them using a hermeneutic process to create a chronology of events.

RESULTS:

BAT thoroughly redesigned the tobacco taxation system in Uzbekistan. It secured (1) a reduction of approximately 50% in the excise tax on cigarettes, (2) an excise system to benefit its brands and disadvantage those of its competitors (particularly Philip Morris), and (3) a tax stamp system from which it hoped to be exempted, because this would likely facilitate its established practice of cigarette smuggling and further its competitive advantage..

CONCLUSIONS:

Privatization can endanger effective tobacco excise policies. The International Monetary Fund should review its approach to privatization and differentiate the privatization of an industry whose product kills from privatization of other industries.

PMID:
17138915
PMCID:
PMC2040352
DOI:
10.2105/AJPH.2005.078378
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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