Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Infant Behav Dev. 2006 Jul;29(3):386-401. Epub 2006 Mar 2.

Measurement of fine-grained aspects of toddler temperament: the early childhood behavior questionnaire.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Bowdoin College, 6900 College Station, Brunswick, ME 04011, United States. sputnam@Bowdoin.edu

Abstract

This article describes the development, reliability, and factor structure of a finely differentiated (18 dimensions) parent-report measure of temperament in 1.5- to 3-year-old children, using a cross-sectional sample (N=317) and a longitudinal sample of primary (N=104) and secondary (N=61) caregivers. Adequate internal consistency was demonstrated for all scales and moderate inter-rater reliability was evident for most scales. Longitudinal stability correlations were primarily large over 6- and 12-month spans and moderate to large from 18 to 36 months. Factor analysis revealed a three-factor structure of Surgency/Extraversion, Negative Affectivity, and Effortful Control. In both samples and for both primary and secondary caregivers, older children received higher scores for Attention Focusing, Discomfort, Inhibitory Control, and Positive Anticipation. Primary caregivers rated females higher in Fear, and lower in High-intensity Pleasure, than males; secondary caregivers rated females higher than males in several aspects of Effortful Control.

PMID:
17138293
PMCID:
PMC4334385
DOI:
10.1016/j.infbeh.2006.01.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center