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J Pediatr. 2006 Dec;149(6):840-4.

Early response to vitamin D2 in children with calcium deficiency rickets.

Author information

1
Department of Family Medicine, Jos University Teaching Hospital, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the effect of vitamin D(2) administration on serum vitamin D metabolite concentrations in calcium deficiency rickets.

STUDY DESIGN:

We administered vitamin D(2), 50,000 IU orally to 16 Nigerian children 15 to 48 months of age with radiographically active rickets. We measured calcium and vitamin D metabolites at baseline and at 1, 3, 7, and 14 days.

RESULTS:

At baseline, ranges of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations were 18 to 40 nmol/L (7-16 ng/mL), and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25-(OH)(2)D) concentrations were 290 to 790 pmol/L (120-330 pg/mL). After vitamin D administration, serum 25(OH)D and 1,25(OH)(2)D concentrations rapidly rose and peaked at 2.8 and 1.9 times the baseline values (P < .001), respectively, at 3 days. Positive correlations between 1,25(OH)(2)D and 25(OH)D were strongest at day 3 (r = 0.84, P < .001) and weakest at day 14 (r = 0.41, P = .11). The relationship of 1,25(OH)(2)D with 25(OH)D at baseline and the increase in 1,25(OH)(2)D in response to vitamin D were similar to those described in children with vitamin D deficiency. However, unlike the pattern in vitamin D deficiency, 1,25(OH)(2)D remained positively correlated with 25(OH)D after administration of vitamin D.

CONCLUSION:

Dietary calcium deficiency increases the demand for 25(OH)D above that required in vitamin D deficiency to optimize 1,25(OH)(2)D concentrations. Assessment of vitamin D sufficiency in persons or communities may need to be adjusted for habitual dietary calcium intake.

PMID:
17137904
DOI:
10.1016/j.jpeds.2006.08.070
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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