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Endocr J. 2007 Feb;54(1):103-12. Epub 2006 Nov 30.

Vasopressin stimulates Na-dependent phosphate transport and calcification in rat aortic smooth muscle cells.

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Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Fujita Health University School of Medicine, Toyoake, Aichi, Japan.


We investigated the effect of arginine vasopressin (AVP) on inorganic phosphate (Pi) transport in A-10 rat aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). AVP time- and dose-dependently stimulated Na-dependent Pi transport in A-10 cells. This stimulatory effect of AVP on Pi transport was markedly suppressed by V1 receptor antagonist. A protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor calphostin C partially suppressed the stimulatory effect of AVP. The selective inhibitors of c-Jun-NH2-terminal mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase (Jun kinase) attenuated AVP-induced Pi transport, but Erk kinase or p38 MAP kinase inhibitors did not. Wortmannin, a phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase inhibitor, suppressed AVP-induced Pi transport. Rapamycin, a selective inhibitor of S6 kinase, reduced this effect of AVP, while Akt kinase inhibitor did not. The combination of inhibitors for PKC, Jun kinase and PI 3-kinase completely suppressed the AVP-enhanced Pi transport. Furthermore, AVP rescued the VSMC from high phosphate-induced cell death and enhanced mineralization of these cells. In summary, these results suggest that AVP stimulates both Na-dependent Pi transport and mineralization in VSMCs. The mechanism is mediated by the activation of multiple signaling pathways including PKC, PI 3-kinase, S6 kinase and Jun kinase.

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