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FASEB J. 2007 Jan;21(1):188-96. Epub 2006 Nov 29.

Mammalian dap3 is an essential gene required for mitochondrial homeostasis in vivo and contributing to the extrinsic pathway for apoptosis.

Author information

1
Burnham Institute for Medical Research, 10901 N. Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.

Abstract

Death-associated protein-3 (DAP3) is a GTP binding protein previously implicated in both intramitochondrial protein synthesis and apoptosis. To explore the in vivo roles of DAP3, we generated and characterized DAP3-deficient mice. Homozygous dap3-/- embryos died at approximately day 9.5 in utero. The dap3-/- embryos and placentas were markedly shrunken. Embryos had arrested development, displaying severe growth restriction and lack of axial turning. Transmission electron microscopy analysis revealed abnormal, shrunken mitochondria with swollen crystae in dap3-/- embryos. Levels of cytochrome c oxidase-I, a protein encoded in the mitochondrial genome, were reduced in dap3-/- embryos, consistent with a role for DAP3 in intramitochondrial protein synthesis. A requirement for DAP3 in mitochondrial respiration was also revealed by oxygen consumption measurements using cultured cells treated with DAP3-specific small interfering RNA (siRNA). Studies of cultured cells from dap3-/- embryos confirmed a role in apoptosis induced by stimuli that trigger the extrinsic (TNFalpha, TRAIL, anti-Fas antibody) but not intrinsic (mitochondrial) cell death pathway. Thus, DAP3 joins a growing list of bifunctional proteins that play roles in normal mitochondrial physiology and in apoptosis.

PMID:
17135360
DOI:
10.1096/fj.06-6283com
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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