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Surv Ophthalmol. 2006 Nov-Dec;51(6):550-60.

Madarosis.

Author information

1
Oculoplastic and Orbital Unit, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Royal Adelaide Hospital, University of Adelaide, North Terrace, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia.

Abstract

Madarosis may be a presenting feature of a number of vision and life-threatening conditions, including herpes zoster, leprosy, HIV/AIDS, trachoma, malignant eyelid tumors, discoid lupus, scleroderma, and hypothyroidism. It may occur via two broad pathogenic pathways: scarring and non-scarring, which indicates the potential for lash re-growth. Madarosis may occur as an isolated finding or together with loss of other body and scalp hair. The etiology of madarosis can be further divided into dermatological, infection, endocrine, neoplastic, drug-related, congenital, and trauma. This report includes salient points in the clinical history and examination of patients with madarosis, with an emphasis on excluding or diagnosing visual or life threatening disorders associated with madarosis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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