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Biochem Pharmacol. 1991 Jul 15;42(3):553-8.

Early effect of BCNU on rat astrocytes. Inhibition of S6 kinase activation by growth factors.

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Unité de Recherche sur la glande Thyroïde et la Régulation Hormonale, INSERM U.96, Hopital de Bicêtre, Kremlin-Bicêtre, France.


In primary cultures of astrocytes, methylmethane, 2-N-methyl 9-hydroxy-ellepticinium acetate, ditercalinium, 1-(2-chloroethyl)-3-cyclohexyl-1-nitrosourea and 1,3 bis (2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU) blocked to various extents the activation of S6 kinase by acidic fibroblast growth factor and insulin [or insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF1)]. The effects of the most active agent, BCNU, were time and concentration dependent. Pretreatment of cells with 50 microM BCNU for 1 hr completely prevented S6 kinase activation by growth factors for at least 2 days. The S6 kinase activity of unstimulated cells was slightly affected. S6 kinase activation by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13 acetate was also strongly impaired by treating cells with BCNU whereas activation by 8-bromo-cyclic AMP was slightly reduced. Cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase and phospholipid and Ca(2+)-dependent protein kinase were unaffected. BCNU had no direct effect on IGF1 binding to cell surface receptors or on the S6 kinase activity of cell cytosols.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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