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Nutr Rev. 2006 Nov;64(11):495-501.

Medical foods: products for the management of chronic diseases.

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Department of Nutrition Sciences, School of Health-Related Professions, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1530 3rd Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35294-1270, USA.


Medical foods are a specific category of therapeutic agents created under the Orphan Drug Act of 1988, which separated medical foods from drugs for regulatory purposes. Products in this category share the requirements that they are intended for the nutritional management of a specific disease, are used under the guidance of a physician, and contain ingredients that are generally recognized as safe (GRAS). An example of medical foods are formulations intended to manage patients with inborn errors in amino acid metabolism. Newer medical foods are designed to manage hyperhomocysteinemia, pancreatic exocrine insufficiency, inflammatory conditions, cancer cachexia, and other diseases.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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