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J Neurosci Res. 2007 Feb 1;85(2):310-20.

Manipulation of proliferation and differentiation of human bone marrow-derived neural stem cells in vitro and in vivo.

Author information

1
Maxine Dunitz Neurosurgical Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California 90048, USA.

Abstract

Recent evidence has demonstrated that neural stem cells (NSC) can be expanded from a variety of sources, including embryos, fetuses, and adult bone marrow and brain tissue. We have previously reported the generation of adult rat bone marrow-derived cellular spheres that are morphologically and phenotypically similar to neurospheres derived from brain NSC. Here we show that adult human bone marrow-derived neural stem cells (HBM-NSC) are capable of generating spheres that are similar to brain neural-derived neurospheres. Additionally, we sought to promote proliferation and differentiation of HBM-NSC through transduction with nonreplicative recombinant adenovirus encoding the cDNA sequence for Gli, rADV-Gli-1; sonic hedgehog, rADV-Shh; or Nurr1, rADV-Nurr1. Immunocytochemistry and RT-PCR analysis showed that HBM-NSC could be efficiently expanded and differentiated in vitro and that HBM-NSC transduced with rADV-Gli-1 or rADV-Shh dramatically increased NSC time-related proliferation; however, Nurr1 had no effect on proliferation. We also transplanted HBM-NSC into chicken embryos to examine their potential function in vivo. We found that transduction of HBM-NSC with rADV-Gli-1 or rADV-Shh and subsequent transplantation into chicken embryos increased HBM-NSC proliferation, whereas rADV-Nurr1 promoted migration and differentiation in vivo. Our findings suggest that HBM-NSC can be efficiently expanded and differentiated in vitro and in vivo by overexpressing Gli-1, Shh or Nurr1.

PMID:
17131390
DOI:
10.1002/jnr.21131
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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