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Surg Endosc. 2007 Feb;21(2):206-8. Epub 2006 Nov 23.

Long-term outcome after surgical treatment of nonparasitic splenic cysts.

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1
Department of Abdominal Surgery, University Hospital Gasthuisberg, Herestraat 49, 3000, Leuven, Belgium.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The optimal treatment for patients with nonparasitic splenic cysts is controversial. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical outcome of patients treated for a symptomatic splenic cyst, and to define a surgical strategy.

METHODS:

Spleen-preserving surgery (9 laparotomies and 6 laparoscopies) was performed for a primary cyst in six patients and a secondary cyst in nine patients. The median follow-up time was 37.5 months. Partial splenic resection was performed for eight patients and cyst decapsulation for seven patients.

RESULTS:

Cyst recurrence was observed in four patients after decapsulation of a primary splenic cyst, as compared with none after resection. Postoperative complications were encountered only after laparotomy (5/9). The median hospital stay was 3.5 days (range, 2-5 days) after laparoscopy, as compared with 9 days (range, 5-14 days) after laparotomy.

CONCLUSIONS:

Symptomatic splenic cysts should be treated laparoscopically. For patients with recurrent or suspected primary splenic cysts, laparoscopic partial splenectomy is preferable. For other cases, a laparoscopic decapsulation is advocated.

PMID:
17131049
DOI:
10.1007/s00464-005-0039-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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