Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Oncogene. 2007 May 17;26(23):3352-63. Epub 2006 Nov 27.

Combined effects of the two reciprocal t(4;11) fusion proteins MLL.AF4 and AF4.MLL confer resistance to apoptosis, cell cycling capacity and growth transformation.

Author information

Institute of Pharmaceutical Biology/ZAFES, JWG-University Frankfurt, Biocenter, Frankfurt/Main, Germany.


The reciprocal chromosomal translocation t(4;11) is correlated with infant, childhood, adult and therapy-related high-risk acute leukemia. Here, we investigated the biological effects of MLL.AF4, AF4.MLL or the combination of both reciprocal fusion proteins in a conditional in vitro cell culture model system. Several parameters like cell growth, cell cycling capacity, apoptotic behavior and growth transformation were investigated under physiological and stress conditions. Co-transfected cells displayed the highest resistance against apoptotic triggers, cell cycling capacity and loss-of-contact inhibition. These analyses were complemented by gene expression profiling experiments and specific gene signatures were established for each of the three cell lines. Interestingly, co-transfected cells strongly upregulate the homeobox gene Nanog. In combination with Oct4, the Nanog homeoprotein is steering maintenance of pluripotency and self-renewal in embryonic stem cells. Transcription of Nanog and other stem cell factors, like Oct4 and Bmi1, was verified in biopsy material of t(4;11) patient cells which express both reciprocal t(4;11) fusion genes. In conclusion, the presence of both reciprocal MLL fusion proteins confers biological properties known from t(4;11) leukemia, suggesting that each of the two fusion proteins contribute specific properties and, in combination, also synergistic effects to the leukemic phenotype.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group
    Loading ...
    Support Center