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Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 1991 May;14(5 Pt 1):833-41.

Determinants of subsidiary ventricular pacemaker suppression in man.

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Kardiologische Universitätsklinik, Allgemeines Krankenhaus, Vienna, Austria.


To investigate the relative contribution of the duration and rate of overdrive to subsidiary ventricular pacemaker suppression, in six patients with complete heart block after His-bundle ablation, ventricular overdrive stimulation studies were performed. The studies, which were spread over a mean follow-up period of 745 days, were carried out invasively with a temporary lead (one patient) as well as noninvasively with the implanted pacemakers and chest wall inhibition (five patients). The overdrive pacing rate was increased in steps of 10 beats/min, and the pacing duration was 15, 30, 60, 90, and 120 seconds at each level. A recovery period of 2 minutes was allowed after each overdrive stimulation. Incremental ventricular overdrive stimulation at increasing pacing durations consistently caused progressive suppression of ventricular impulse formation. Nonparametric variance analysis demonstrated a significant (P less than 0.0001) influence of both the pacing rate and duration on ventricular recovery time. Nonlinear regression showed an exponential increase in recovery time with incremental pacing rate and a biphasic increase in recovery time with incremental pacing duration. Beyond a pacing duration of 60 seconds ventricular impulse suppression was primarily dependent upon the pacing rate. A nonlinear regression model was applied to predict the number of beats required for return of the escape rhythm toward prepacing control values. The predicted maximum mean number of beats was 15.4 +/- 5.9 and independent of the rate and duration of pacing, although, the initial temporary instability of the escape rhythm was directly related to the degree of overdrive.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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