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Platelets. 2006 Dec;17(8):577-85.

Platelet and monocyte activation by hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia in healthy subjects.

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Sol Sherry Thrombosis Research Center, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA.


Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients have hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia and increased risk of atherosclerosis and acute vascular complications. We have reported elevated circulating tissue factor procoagulant activity (TF-PCA) during hyperglycemia (HG) and hyperinsulinemia (HI) in normal subjects. To evaluate the effect of hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia on blood cell activation, we assessed platelet CD40L and P-selectin, monocyte tissue factor (TF), and the formation of monocyte-platelet and neutrophil-platelet aggregates. These were assessed in the resting state and following activation with ADP and thrombin (SFLLRN). Healthy individuals were subjected to 24 h of hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia, selective hyperglycemia, selective hyperinsulinemia, or normal glucose and insulin. Platelet CD40L expression increased with high glucose/high insulin, selective hyperglycemia and selective hyperinsulinemia. Monocyte-platelet aggregates increased with high glucose/high insulin. Monocyte TF expression increased with high glucose/high insulin and with selective hyperinsulinemia. Upon stimulation with ADP and SFLLRN, monocyte-platelet and neutrophil-platelet aggregates, platelet CD40L and P-selectin, and monocyte TF increased compared to the resting state but was not different between 0 and 24 h, indicating that the responsiveness to those agonists was not altered.


Hyperglycemia-hyperinsulinemia in healthy individuals induced platelet activation and monocyte TF expression promoting a procoagulant and proinflammatory state that may contribute to acute vascular events and atherogenesis. Platelet responsiveness to activation with ADP or SFLLRN appears not to be altered by hyperglycemia-hyperinsulinemia.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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