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Drugs. 1991 May;41(5):799-820.

Cilazapril. A review of its pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties, and therapeutic potential in cardiovascular disease.

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Adis Drug Information Services, Auckland, New Zealand.


Cilazapril is an orally active angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor which lowers peripheral vascular resistance without affecting heart rate. Like enalapril and ramipril it is a prodrug, and is hydrolysed after absorption to cilazaprilat, which has a long terminal phase elimination half-life permitting once daily administration. Given once daily at doses between 2.5 and 5 mg, cilazapril reduces arterial blood pressure in patients with mild to moderate essential and renal hypertension. Patients who do not respond adequately to cilazapril monotherapy usually respond with the addition of a diuretic such as hydrochlorothiazide. Preliminary data suggest that cilazapril is of comparable antihypertensive efficacy to usual therapeutic dosages of hydrochlorothiazide, slow release propranolol, nitrendipine, captopril and enalapril. In small studies cilazapril has produced sustained beneficial haemodynamic effects in patients with congestive heart failure. Cilazapril has been well tolerated and exhibits tolerability typical of ACE inhibitors as a class, including their lack of detrimental effect on glucose or lipid metabolism. Cilazapril should provide an effective alternative in the treatment of hypertension and, if preliminary data are confirmed, in congestive heart failure.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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