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Eur J Pharmacol. 2007 Jan 26;555(2-3):100-5. Epub 2006 Oct 27.

kappa-opioid receptor stimulation inhibits cardiac hypertrophy induced by beta1-adrenoceptor stimulation in the rat.

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1
Key Lab of Molecular Biology and Drug Research, Jinzhou Medical College, Jinzhou, China.

Abstract

To test the hypothesis that kappa-opioid receptor stimulation inhibits cardiac hypertrophy induced by beta1-adrenoceptor stimulation, we determined the effects of trans-(+/-)-3,4-dichloro-N-methyl-N-[2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)-cyclohexyl]-benzeneacetamide methanesulfonate salt (U50,488H), a selective kappa-opioid receptor agonist, on cardiac hypertrophy induced by isoprenaline, a selective beta-adrenoceptor agonist, in neonatal ventricular myocytes upon blockade of beta2-adrenoceptor. Hypertrophy of cardiomyocytes was determined by increases in (i) total protein content; (ii) [3H]leucine incorporation; and iii) cell size. 10 micromol/l isoprenaline increased all three parameters. The effects were abolished by 2 micromol/l propranolol, a beta-adrenergic receptor antagonist, or 300 nmol/l CGP20712A, a beta1-adrenoceptor antagonist, but not by 100 nmol/l ICI118,551, a beta2-adrenoceptor antagonist. The effects were also abolished by Rp-cAMPs 100 micromol/l, a protein kinase A inhibitor and not by pertussis toxin 5 mg/l. The effects of isoprenaline in the presence or absence of ICI118,551 were also abolished by 1 micromol/l U50,488H. The inhibitory effects of U50,488H were abolished by 1 micromol/l nor-binaltorphimine, a selective kappa-opioid receptor antagonist. U50,488H also abolished the increases in the amplitude and frequency of the spontaneous intracellular Ca2+ transient induced by 10 micromol/l isoprenaline in the presence or absence of ICI118,551, an effect also abolished by nor-binaltorphimine. In conclusion the results show that kappa-opioid receptor stimulation abolished both the cardiac hypertrophy and enhanced amplitude and frequency of the spontaneous intracellular Ca2+ transient induced by beta1-adrenoceptor stimulation.

PMID:
17126321
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejphar.2006.10.040
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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