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Application of phenylboronic acid modified hydrogel affinity chips for high-throughput mass spectrometric analysis of glycated proteins.

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Bioanalyt GmbH, Arthur-Scheunert-Allee 114-116, 14558 Nuthetal, Germany.


The complexity of the human plasma proteome is greatly increased by post-translational modifications. Besides physiological modifications, pathological conditions such as diabetes are responsible for adding to this complexity by producing advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs). When searching for specific biomarkers it is a prerequisite to reduce this complexity prior to analysis. To do this, agarose hydrogel was used to create a high-capacity affinity layer on the modified aluminum surface of MALDI (matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization) targets. 3-Aminophenylboronic acid was immobilized via cyanogen bromide activation as a ligand for affinity sorption of glycated proteins, followed by their direct detection by MALDI. High protein capacity of prepared MALDI chips, efficient separation and low non-specific protein binding were demonstrated. The results show that phenylboronic acid modified hydrogels are very suitable for creating affinity surfaces for the high-throughput analysis of AGEs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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