Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Invest Dermatol. 2007 Mar;127(3):588-93. Epub 2006 Nov 23.

Novel mutations in the BHD gene and absence of loss of heterozygosity in fibrofolliculomas of Birt-Hogg-Dubé patients.

Author information

Department of Dermatology, University Hospital Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands.


Birt-Hogg-Dubé (BHD) syndrome is an autosomal-dominantly inherited cancer syndrome characterized by fibrofolliculomas, lung cysts leading to pneumothorax, and chromophobic/oncocytic renal cell carcinoma. The disease is caused by heterozygous mutations in the BHD gene encoding folliculin and all mutations reported putatively lead to protein truncation. Although the function of folliculin is unknown, it is thought to be a tumor suppressor, with loss of heterozygosity (LOH) initiating tumor formation. Here, we report on four novel BHD gene mutations, including two splice-site mutations, in patients presenting with skin lesions only. We further show that LOH cannot be detected in fibrofolliculomas from three patients, suggesting that for the manifestation of cutaneous tumors in BHD syndrome haplo-insufficiency of folliculin is sufficient to initiate uncontrolled growth. Renal microscopic oncocytosis in BHD is considered as a precursor to malignant kidney tumors and may likewise be the result of haplo-insufficiency, with somatic second-hit mutations or LOH giving rise to malignancy later in life.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center