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J Safety Res. 2006;37(5):425-31. Epub 2006 Nov 22.

Predicting bicycle helmet wearing intentions and behavior among adolescents.

Author information

1
School of Psychology, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Australia. f.ocallaghan@griffith.edu.au

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Cycling accidents in Australia, especially those resulting in head injuries, are a substantive cause of death and disability; but despite legislation and evidence that helmets reduce the risk of head injury, few adolescents wear them.

METHOD:

This study employed a revised version of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB; [Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50, 179-211]) to investigate the determinants of helmet use among a sample of adolescents. Participants in the initial data collection were 294 high school students in Year 8 and Year 11, with 266 completing a follow-up questionnaire measuring behavior over the previous two weeks.

RESULTS:

Social norms, perceptions of control, and past behavior significantly predicted intentions to use helmets and perceptions of control and past behavior predicted actual helmet use.

CONCLUSIONS:

Strengthening the routine of helmet use and building young people's confidence that they can overcome any perceived barriers to helmet use will improve adherence to helmet wearing behavior.

PMID:
17123543
DOI:
10.1016/j.jsr.2006.08.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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