Send to

Choose Destination
FEBS Lett. 2006 Dec 11;580(28-29):6635-43. Epub 2006 Nov 15.

Visfatin is present in bovine mammary epithelial cells, lactating mammary gland and milk, and its expression is regulated by cAMP pathway.

Author information

Department of Animal Physiology, Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tohoku University, Amamiyamachi, Sendai 981-8555, Japan.


Visfatin was originally identified as a growth factor for immature B cells, and recently demonstrated to bind insulin receptor. Visfatin mRNA and protein were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot analysis in cloned bovine mammary epithelial cells, lactating bovine mammary gland and human breast cancer cell line, MCF-7. Immunocytochemical staining localized the visfatin protein in the cytosol and nucleus of both cells. Quantitative-RT-PCR analysis revealed that the expression of the visfatin mRNA was significantly elevated when treated with forskolin (500 microM), isopreterenol (1-10 microM) and dibutyric cyclic AMP (1 mM) for 24 h, and significantly reduced when treated with insulin (5-50 ng/ml) and dexsamethasone (0.5-250 nM) for 24 h. These results indicate that mammary epithelial cells express the visfatin protein and secrete them into the milk.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center