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Schmerz. 2007 Apr;21(2):102-15.

[Therapy of masticatory muscle pain: recommendations for clinical management].

[Article in German]

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Bundesforschungsanstalt für Ernährung, Hirschstr. 105, 76137 , Karlsruhe, Deutschland.


Myalgias of the masticatory muscles are the most frequent noninfectious complaints in the orofacial region. After summarizing the current knowledge on the physiology, etiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and differential diagnosis of masticatory muscle pain, we specifically focus on management recommendations. Results of an extensive literature search show that for the majority of patients pain reduction or pain relief can be achieved with noninvasive reversible methods. Longitudinal short- and long-term studies have revealed that different therapeutic measures are similarly effective. In patients with chronic masticatory myalgias associated with psychosocial impairment, however, additional involvement of a psychotherapist is crucial.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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