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Anesthesiology. 2006 Dec;105(6):1211-9.

Up-regulation of hypoxia inducible factor 1alpha by isoflurane in Hep3B cells.

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1
Department of Anesthesiology, Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, 1630 Dongfang Road, Shanghai 200127, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The volatile anesthetic isoflurane induces hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-1-responsive genes heme oxygenase 1, inducible nitric oxide synthase, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression. Little is known about the extent to which induction of HIF-1alpha is affected by isoflurane.

METHODS:

Hep3B cells were exposed to isoflurane at various concentrations (0.5-4%) or for different time periods (2-8 h) at 37 degrees C. HIF-1alpha gene expression and transcriptional activity, heme oxygenase 1, inducible nitric oxide synthase, and VEGF gene expression were quantified.

RESULTS:

Isoflurane induced a time- and concentration-dependent increase in HIF-1alpha protein but not for HIF-1alpha messenger RNA (mRNA) in Hep3B cells. The maximal increase was induced by 2% isoflurane, and the cells incubated with 2% isoflurane for 4-8 h expressed the highest protein. Similarly, HIF-1alpha transcriptional activity was higher in Hep3B cells exposed to 2% isoflurane for 16 h than that in control cells. The combination of 2% isoflurane and desferrioxamine, a hypoxia mimetic, caused a higher level of HIF-1alpha protein than that induced by 2% isoflurane alone. Reoxygenation and inhibitor of proteasome pathway MG132 did not affect the isoflurane-induced HIF-1alpha protein accumulation. Cycloheximide, an inhibitor for protein synthesis, completely abrogated the induction of HIF-1alpha protein by isoflurane. Isoflurane stimulated heme oxygenase 1, inducible nitric oxide synthase, and VEGF mRNA expression in a concentration-dependent manner, and inactivation of HIF-1alpha attenuated the induction of VEGF mRNA by isoflurane.

CONCLUSION:

Isoflurane can up-regulate HIF-1alpha and enhance HIF-1-responsive genes heme oxygenase 1, inducible nitric oxide synthase, and VEGF mRNA expression in Hep3B cells. The induction of HIF-1alpha by isoflurane does not involve protein degradation but depends on translation pathway.

PMID:
17122584
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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