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Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2006 Dec;65(6):810-5.

Congenital hypothyroidism caused by new mutations in the thyroid oxidase 2 (THOX2) gene.

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  • 1Children's Hospital of the Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany.



Congenital primary hypothyroidism (CH) occurs in one of 4000 births and in 20% of the cases CH is due to a defect in thyroid hormonogenesis. Candidate genes were examined to determine the precise aetiology of suspected dyshormonogenesis in CH.


The genes that code for thyroid peroxidase (TPO), pendrin (PDS), sodium iodide symporter (NIS) and thyroid oxidase 2 (THOX2) were sequenced directly from genomic DNA.


Two girls found to have CH in the neonatal screening programme and suspected of having thyroid dyshormonogenesis were investigated to identify their molecular defect.


Patient A had a novel heterozygous 1 bp insertion in the THOX2 gene (ins602g). This insertion results in a frameshift that predicts a premature stop at codon 300. Analysis of cDNA, transcribed from lymphocyte RNA, showed that this mutation causes skipping of exon 5, resulting in a frameshift and a premature stop at codon 254. The euthyroid mother was also a heterozygous carrier of the mutation whereas the father was homozygous for the wild-type THOX2 gene. In patient B, compound heterozygous mutations (ins602g-->fsX300 and D506N) were identified. D506N was present in one allele of the clinically unaffected mother and in a brother, whereas the euthyroid father was heterozygous for ins602g. Sixty normal individuals did not harbour the mutations. Sequencing of the TPO, PDS and NIS genes revealed no mutations.


The identified THOX2 mutations, which have not been described previously, are the probable causes of CH in the patients. Mutations in the THOX2 gene should be considered as the molecular cause of CH in young patients with thyroid dyshormonogenesis.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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