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Eur J Pediatr. 2007 Jul;166(7):701-8. Epub 2006 Nov 21.

Self-perceived health among adolescents: the role of gender and psychosocial factors.

Author information

1
Division of Behavioral Sciences, Department of Psychiatry, University of Szeged, Szentharomsag str. 5, 6722 Szeged, Hungary. pikobettina@yahoo.com

Abstract

Since adolescents' psychosocial health problems may have major implications for adult morbidity and mortality, investigating their self-perceived health deserves priority. In the lack of limiting illness, psychosocial health variables, e.g., psychosomatic health complaints or health behaviors, play a decisive role in determining adolescents' self-perceived health. Using data on adolescents from Szeged, Hungary (n = 1,114), we examined the relationship between adolescents' self-perceived health and a set of psychosocial health status measurements. Findings show that psychosomatic and depressive symptoms contributed significantly to adolescents' poor/fair perceptions of health. Findings also support the relationship between health behaviors and adolescents' self-perceived health. Among boys, drug use and the lack of physical activity are significant predictors. Among girls, smoking may act in a similar way. Diet control is significant in both cases. Besides academic achievement, SES self-assessment and non-intact family status are strong contributes to health perception. Overall, findings show that psychosocial health variables are important influences on adolescents' self-perceived health.

PMID:
17120041
DOI:
10.1007/s00431-006-0311-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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