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Can J Microbiol. 1991 Feb;37(2):97-104.

Colicinogeny of O157:H7 enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli and the shielding of colicin and phage receptors by their O-antigenic side chains.

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Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Canada.


Twenty O157:H7 enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli strains from patients with different clinical conditions were tested for colicinogeny and the presence of Verotoxin (VT) genes. From bloody diarrhea cases, 7/8 isolates and from hemolytic uremic syndrome cases 3/5 isolates all synthesized what appeared to be colicin D. The remaining strains, which included 7 from asymptomatic sources, were noncolicinogenic. The plasmid determining the colicin was found to be 1.4 kb larger than the 5.2-kb pColD. The colicin D protein had a molecular weight of about 90,000, whereas the O157 colicin was 87,000. The plasmid was designated pColD157 to reflect these differences. Of O157:H7 isolates 17/20 had genes for both of the Verotoxins VT1 and VT2, and the remaining 3/20 for VT1 only. There was no correlation between the presence of VT determinants and colicinogeny or symptoms. The O157:H7 strains exhibited significant resistance to other colicins and bacteriophages.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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