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BMJ. 2007 Jan 20;334(7585):133. Epub 2006 Nov 21.

Impact of a theoretically based sex education programme (SHARE) delivered by teachers on NHS registered conceptions and terminations: final results of cluster randomised trial.

Author information

1
Medical Research Council Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow G12 8RZ. marion@msoc.mrc.gla.ac.uk

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the impact of a theoretically based sex education programme (SHARE) delivered by teachers compared with conventional education in terms of conceptions and terminations registered by the NHS.

DESIGN:

Follow-up of cluster randomised trial 4.5 years after intervention.

SETTING:

NHS records of women who had attended 25 secondary schools in east Scotland.

PARTICIPANTS:

4196 women (99.5% of those eligible).

INTERVENTION:

SHARE programme (intervention group) v existing sex education (control group).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:

NHS recorded conceptions and terminations for the achieved sample linked at age 20.

RESULTS:

In an "intention to treat" analysis there were no significant differences between the groups in registered conceptions per 1000 pupils (300 SHARE v 274 control; difference 26, 95% confidence interval -33 to 86) and terminations per 1000 pupils (127 v 112; difference 15, -13 to 42) between ages 16 and 20.

CONCLUSIONS:

This specially designed sex education programme did not reduce conceptions or terminations by age 20 compared with conventional provision. The lack of effect was not due to quality of delivery. Enhancing teacher led school sex education beyond conventional provision in eastern Scotland is unlikely to reduce terminations in teenagers.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ISRCTN48719575 [controlled-trials.com].

PMID:
17118950
PMCID:
PMC1779834
DOI:
10.1136/bmj.39014.503692.55
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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