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Xenobiotica. 2006 Oct-Nov;36(10-11):1081-121.

Tissue and species distribution of the glutathione pathway transcriptome.

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  • 1Department of Toxicogenomics Services, Gene Logic Inc, Gaithersburg, MD, USA.


The goal of this study was to compare and contrast the basal gene expression levels of the various enzymes involved in glutathione metabolism among tissues and genders of the rat, mouse and canine. The approach taken was to use Affymetrix GeneChip microarray data for rat, mouse and canine tissues, comparing intensity levels for individual probes between tissues and genders. As was hypothesized, the relative expression in liver, lung, heart, kidney and testis varied from gene to gene, with differences of expression between tissues sometimes greater than a 1000-fold. The pattern of differential expression was usually similar between male and female animals, but varied greatly between the three species. Gstp1 appears to be expressed at high levels in male mouse liver, reasonable levels in canine liver, but very low levels in male rat liver. In all species examined, Gstp1 expression was below detectable levels in testis. Gsta3/Yc2 expression appeared high in rodent liver and female canine liver, but not male canine liver. Finally, Mgst1 and Gpx3 expression appeared to be lower in canine heart and testis than seen in rodents. Given the critical role of the glutathione pathway in the detoxification of many drugs and xenobiotics, the observed differences in basal tissue distribution among mouse, rat and canine has far-reaching implications in comparing responses of these species in safety testing.

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