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Crit Care Nurs Clin North Am. 2006 Dec;18(4):481-92, x.

Nursing lessons from the MHA keystone ICU project: developing and implementing an innovative approach to patient safety.

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Quality and Safety Research Group, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA.


Given the pivotal role of nurses in providing and supervising patient care, it is essential that nursing professionals are engaged fully in making care safer. Nursing involvement was instrumental in the Michigan Health and Hospital Association Keystone ICU Project, which resulted in rapid reduction in catheter-related blood stream infection rates and ventilator-associated pneumonia rates. Nurses of every credential and every nursing position participated in this broad scale improvement effort. This article describes the MHA Keystone ICU Project, including challenges implicit in changing nursing practice and team behavior in the ICU. The improvement strategies implemented by Keystone ICU teams, and lessons learned by nurses engaged in the work, are likely to have application in other clinical settings.

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