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J Agric Food Chem. 2006 Nov 29;54(24):9193-200.

Characterization of some mushroom and earthy off-odors microbially induced by the development of rot on grapes.

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Faculté d'Oenologie, UMR Oenologie, Université Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2, INRA, ISVV, 351 Cours de la Libération, 33405 Talence Cedex, France.


Grape rot is one of the major causes of degradation of many grape components and, thus, of deterioration in wine quality. In particular, the association of Botrytis cinerea with other, less visible, fungi frequently leads to the development of organoleptic defects in grapes and sometimes in wines. This study examines the nature of the volatile compounds responsible for mushroom, mossy, or earthy odors detected by gas chromatography-olfactometry in organic extracts of rotten grapes and musts. 2-Methylisoborneol, (-)-geosmin, 1-octen-3-one, 1-octen-3-ol, 2-octen-1-ol, and 2-heptanol were identified or tentatively identified. Their concentrations in musts were determined, and the impact of alcoholic fermentation by the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae was studied. The ability of fungi isolated from rotten grapes (Botrytis cinerea; Penicillium species including P. brevicompactum, P. expansum, P. miczynskii, P. pinophilum, P. purpurogenum, and P. thomii; Aspergillus section nigri; Rhizopus nigricans; and Coniothyrium sp.) to produce some of the identified compounds was evidenced.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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