Send to

Choose Destination
Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2006;20(24):3681-92.

Analysis of phosphorylation sites on focal adhesion kinase using nanospray liquid chromatography/multiple reaction monitoring mass spectrometry.

Author information

Center for Cancer Pharmacology, Department of Pharmacology, University of Pennsylvania, 854 BRB II/III, 421 Curie Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6160, USA.


An approach based on nanospray liquid chromatography/multiple reaction monitoring mass spectrometry (LC/MRM-MS) was developed in order to analyze twenty-nine phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated tryptic peptides from focal adhesion kinase (FAK). All peptides monitored were resolved and showed excellent peak shape with the exception of one doubly phosphorylated peptide. Optimization of the LC method enabled the identification and subsequent monitoring of six important tyrosine phosphorylation sites on FAK, including phosphorylated Y397 (pY397), pY407, pY576, pY577, pY861, and pY925. This technique was able to identify sites of phosphorylation on FAK as well as qualitatively differentiate between autocatalytic and Src-induced phosphorylation events. FAK was shown to have autocatalytic function, which resulted in efficient phosphorylation of Y397. FAK was also capable of autophosphorylation on residues Y407 and Y576, though apparently less effectively than autophosphorylation at Y397. Src was found to phosphorylate FAK at Y407, Y576, Y577, and Y861. The presence of Src increased the abundance of pY576 at low temperature indicating Src had particularly high kinase activity toward this residue. Furthermore, Src phosphorylated FAK at Y577 to produce FAK bis-phosphorylated at Y576 and Y577. In addition, six novel sites of phosphorylation (Y148, Y347, Y441, T503, S850, and Y1007) were identified on FAK. Interestingly, Src phosphorylated FAK to form a peptide uniquely phosphorylated on Y407, together with substantial amounts of the bis-phosphorylated pY397pY407 peptide. These findings will impact significantly on future studies of FAK activity since pY397 is often used as a measure of FAK activity and Src association.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center