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J Nutr Educ Behav. 2006 Nov-Dec;38(6 Suppl):S78-92.

Development of food intake patterns for the MyPyramid Food Guidance System.

Author information

1
USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion, Alexandria, VA 22302, USA. Patricia.Britten@cnpp.usda.gov

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this research was to design food intake patterns based on typical American food selections that would meet Dietary Guidelines and Dietary Reference Intake recommendations.

DESIGN:

Analytic process to identify appropriate amounts from each food group that together will meet nutritional goals for various age/gender groups.

VARIABLES MEASURED:

Projected intake of energy, 9 vitamins, 8 minerals, 8 macronutrients, and dietary fiber in each food intake pattern.

ANALYSIS:

Iterative comparison of nutrients in each food intake pattern to Dietary Reference Intakes and Dietary Guidelines recommendations set as goals for that pattern.

RESULTS:

Food intake patterns were established that met almost all nutrient goals within estimated energy needs. Intakes of vitamin E at all energy levels, potassium at lower energy levels, and sodium at higher energy levels did not meet goals.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:

The food intake patterns provide a foundation of food choices that will meet nutritional recommendations. They form the scientific basis for the MyPyramid Food Guidance System and can also be used as a starting point for developing other educational programs or materials.

PMID:
17116598
DOI:
10.1016/j.jneb.2006.08.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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