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J Interferon Cytokine Res. 2006 Nov;26(11):804-19.

Blocking monoclonal antibodies specific for mouse IFN-alpha/beta receptor subunit 1 (IFNAR-1) from mice immunized by in vivo hydrodynamic transfection.

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Department of Pathology and Immunology, Center for Immunology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA.


Herein we report the generation of mouse monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) specific for the IFNAR-1 subunit of the mouse interferon-alpha/beta (IFN-alpha/beta) receptor (MAR1 mAbs) that block type I IFN receptor signaling and biologic response induction in vitro and in vivo. These mAbs were generated from Ifnar1 (/) mice immunized by in vivo hydrodynamic transfection with a plasmid encoding the extracellular domain (ECD) of murine IFNAR-1. All MAR1 mAbs bound native receptor expressed on cell surfaces and immunoprecipitated IFNAR-1 from solubilized cells, and two mAbs also detected IFNAR-1 by Western blot analysis. in vitro, the mAbs prevented ligand-induced intracellular signaling and induction of a variety of type I IFN-induced biologic responses but had no effect on IFN-gamma-induced responses. The most effective in vitro blocker, MAR1-5A3, also blocked type I IFN-induced antiviral, antimicrobial, and antitumor responses in vivo. We also explored whether murine IFNAR-1 surface expression required the presence of Tyk2. In contrast to Tyk2-deficient human cell lines, comparable IFNAR-1 expression was found on primary cells derived either from wild-type or Tyk2 (/) mice. These mAbs represent much needed tools to more clearly elucidate the biochemistry, cell biology, and physiologic function of the type I IFNs and their receptor in mediating host-protective immunity and immunopathology.

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