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Biochemistry. 2006 Nov 28;45(47):14101-10.

A monofunctional and thermostable prephenate dehydratase from the archaeon Methanocaldococcus jannaschii.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Organic Chemistry, ETH Zurich, Hönggerberg HCI F 339, CH-8093 Zurich, Switzerland.

Erratum in

  • Biochemistry. 2007 Mar 6;46(9):2552.

Abstract

Prephenate dehydratase (PDT) is an important but poorly characterized enzyme that is involved in the production of L-phenylalanine. Multiple-sequence alignments and a phylogenetic tree suggest that the PDT family has a common structural fold. On the basis of its sequence, the PDT from the extreme thermophile Methanocaldococcus jannaschii (MjPDT) was chosen as a promising representative of this family for pursuing structural and functional studies. The corresponding pheA gene was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. It encodes a monofunctional and thermostable enzyme with an N-terminal catalytic domain and a C-terminal regulatory ACT domain. Biophysical characterization suggests a dimeric (62 kDa) protein with mixed alpha/beta secondary structure elements. MjPDT unfolds in a two-state manner (Tm = 94 degrees C), and its free energy of unfolding [DeltaGU(H2O)] is 32.0 kcal/mol. The purified enzyme catalyzes the conversion of prephenate to phenylpyruvate according to Michaelis-Menten kinetics (kcat = 12.3 s-1 and Km = 22 microM at 30 degrees C), and its activity is pH-independent over the range of pH 5-10. It is feedback-inhibited by L-phenylalanine (Ki = 0.5 microM), but not by L-tyrosine or L-tryptophan. Comparison of its activation parameters (DeltaH(++)= 15 kcal/mol and DeltaS(++)= -3 cal mol-1 K-1) with those for the spontaneous reaction (DeltaH(++) = 17 kcal/mol and DeltaS(++)= -28 cal mol-1 K-1) suggests that MjPDT functions largely as an entropy trap. By providing a highly preorganized microenvironment for the dehydration-decarboxylation sequence, the enzyme may avoid the extensive solvent reorganization that accompanies formation of the carbocationic intermediate in the uncatalyzed reaction.

PMID:
17115705
DOI:
10.1021/bi061274n
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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