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Biochemistry. 2006 Nov 28;45(47):13970-81.

Structure of the catalytic domain of human protein kinase C beta II complexed with a bisindolylmaleimide inhibitor.

Author information

1
Department of Structural and Computational Biology and Design, Pfizer Global Research and Development, Pfizer La Jolla Laboratories, 10777 Science Center Drive, San Diego, California 92121, USA.

Abstract

The conventional protein kinase C isoform, PKCII, is a signaling kinase activated during the hyperglycemic state and has been associated with the development of microvascular abnormalities associated with diabetes. PKCII, therefore, has been identified as a therapeutic target where inhibitors of its kinase activity are being pursued for treatment of microvascular-related diabetic complications. In this report, we describe the crystal structure of the catalytic domain of PKCbetaII complexed with an inhibitor at 2.6 A resolution. The kinase domain of PKCbetaII was cleaved and purified from full-length PKCbetaII expressed in baculovirus-infected insect cells. The overall kinase domain structure follows the classical bilobal fold and is in its fully activated conformation with three well-defined phosphorylated residues: Thr-500, Thr-641, and Ser-660. Different from the crystal structures of nonconventional PKC isoforms, the C-terminus of the PKCbetaII catalytic domain is almost fully ordered and features a novel alpha helix in the turn motif. An ATP-competitive inhibitor, 2-methyl-1H-indol-3-yl-BIM-1, was crystallized with the PKCbetaII catalytic domain as a dimer of two enzyme-inhibitor complexes. The bound inhibitor adopts a nonplanar conformation in the ATP-binding site, with the kinase domain taking on an intermediate, open conformation. This PKCbetaII-inhibitor complex represents the first structural description of any conventional PKC kinase domain. Given the pathogenic role of PKCbetaII in the development of diabetic complications, this structure can serve as a template for the rational design of inhibitors as potential therapeutic agents.

PMID:
17115692
DOI:
10.1021/bi061128h
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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