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Carcinogenesis. 2007 May;28(5):957-61. Epub 2006 Nov 17.

Effects of novel 5-lipoxygenase inhibitors on the incidence of pulmonary adenomas in the A/J murine model when administered via nose-only inhalation.

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College of Pharmacy, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA.


The objective of this study was to determine the effects of 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) inhibitors on the incidence of benzo(a)pyrene-induced pulmonary adenomas in female A/J mice. Two novel compounds, S-29606 and S-30621, and the Food and Drug Administration-approved Zileuton were investigated. S-29606 and S-30621 were selected from a group of similar active structures on the basis of local versus systemic 5-LO inhibitory activity. Preliminary studies found them to lack oral bioavailability, in direct contrast to Zileuton. Treatment was initiated 1 week following exposure to the carcinogen benzo(a)pyrene. Both S-29606 and S-30621 were dosed via nose-only inhalation 5 days a week, for 16 weeks, whereas Zileuton was administered orally. Dose levels for S-29606 and S-30621 were determined to be 220 and 430 microg/kg for the low- and high-dose groups, respectively, whereas the dose of Zileuton was 245 mg/kg. Both test compounds exhibited a significant reduction of pulmonary adenomas, compared with a positive control for high and low doses, P < 0.05. Additionally, a dose response for both S-29606 and S-30621 was observed when compared with placebo. Despite a dose 575 times greater than that of the novel test compounds, orally administered Zileuton did not produce a reduction in adenoma occurrence. The findings of this study offer compelling preliminary data for the use of S-29606 and S-30621 in further investigations of the treatment of pulmonary adenomas and support the use of inhalation drug delivery as an alternate to oral delivery for these compounds.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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